The Globe as you know it is changing.
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To understand more about why you are so important to our member-supported initiative, we encourage you to read the following from our managing editor ~ Read more

The Globe as you know it is changing.

Since 2007, Southeast Asia Globe has been a space for some of the region’s best writers and photographers to take our readers behind the headlines into the stories that shape people’s lives. Every month, you could expect to pick up our latest print edition and find high-quality journalism, analysis and artwork waiting on every page. And since 2007, we’ve fought to uphold our promise of quality and independence to you, our readers.

But, like we said, the world is changing. Print publications just aren’t reaching the audiences they need to fulfil their promise of informing, educating and entertaining the public. Advertisers continue to invest in digital platforms while printing costs creep ever higher. Print may not be dead, but it’s fighting for its life. And we’re tired of waiting by a sickbed for its condition to improve. We want to be present at the birth of something new.

That’s why Southeast Asia Globe is relaunching as a member-driven platform featuring daily long-form features combining world-class journalism with enthralling art design and data-centered tech. Through our core pillars – Power, Money, Life and Earth – we are focusing in on the central issues that our readers have always engaged with most, with the same in-depth coverage of politics, business, social affairs and the environment that you’ve come to expect since 2007.

But leaving print behind us doesn’t just save our backs from lugging stacks of magazines across Southeast Asia. It opens up a global readership who don’t just want to read the news, but have a say in the stories that we tell and the way that we tell them. We’re not asking you to take out another magazine subscription – our stories are open to all. What we’re offering our members is a space where they can pitch and vote on the stories that they think deserve to be told. We want to inspire an engaged and active community of members who vote for, comment on and contribute to the stories that matter most to them. We want to work with our members to curate the way they engage with the news – not just as readers, but as an active extension of our editorial team.

That’s how we’re changing to bring you great stories. Here’s how we’re not.

We’re independent. Always have been, always will be. We’re not owned by any corporation or aligned with any state. We choose the stories that we tell, and the way that we tell them.

We’re creative. We’re not interested in churning out breaking news stories on the hour, every hour. We believe that the best stories are the ones that come alive on the page, digging deeper into the issues that shape Southeast Asia – and bringing you along for the ride. From our dedicated designers to our new software development team, our commitment is to constantly challenge ourselves to find new ways of reaching out to our readers.

We’re open. Challenging governments, NGOs and businesses to be transparent with the public means nothing if we keep our own readers in the dark. That’s why we will be completely open about why we tell the stories that we tell – and how we pay for them. Work with us to build something that endures where many media fail, and decide with us exactly where that money is going.

Above all, we’re optimistic. And yeah, we know what you’re thinking. Faced with impending climate collapse, the rise of right-wing authoritarian governments across the world, widening wealth and income inequality and deepening divisions rooted in race or gender or creed, it’s hard not to open the papers and feel the weight of the world pressing down. But we wouldn’t be doing this if we didn’t believe that when people work together, they can make their little corner of the world a more just, open and equal place.

And that’s why we can’t do this without you. We believe that across the globe is a community of people who care deeply about social justice, environmental action and press freedom – and who will join in to help make those ideals a reality. We’re not just holding our hand out – we need your voice to play a vital role in building Southeast Asia Globe into a leading space for progressive causes in the region. Tell us what stories the mainstream media is missing. Share with us the causes that matter most to you, and how we can champion those causes not just across Southeast Asia, but the world.

Our vision is clear. By 2025, we want to be recognised for building a great space for outstanding journalists from across the region to explore new ways of telling Southeast Asia’s most vital stories. Let’s bring together a community of engaged and loyal members who want to help reshape the media rather than just read it. And we want to reach a point where our readers, not advertisers, are the ones working to support our shared vision of an inclusive media.

We can’t do this without you. Let’s get together and build something that we all believe in.

If you’re interested in joining us, sign up to our newsletter, like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter. And watch this space.

How Cambodia’s garment industry can survive automation

By: David Hutt - Posted on: December 7, 2016 | Business

Experts predict that automation will be the future of manufacturing, which could have profound implications for Cambodia’s 600,000 garment workers

Workers control robots to weld auto products on the automobile manufacturing line at a workshop of Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd. (JAC motors) in Hefei city, China's Anhui province
Workers control robots to weld auto products on the automobile manufacturing line at a workshop of Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd. (JAC motors) in Hefei city, China’s Anhui province, 03 December 2015. Photo: EPA/WU HONG

On any given morning, Cambodia’s 600,000 garment workers file through the gates of factories across the country, ready to produce the country’s largest export, the linchpin of the nation’s economy. Most will cut, sew and stitch the t-shirts, shoes and dresses by hand or with the simplest of machines. Compared to workers in Vietnam or Thailand, their labour is often called ‘low-skilled’, or even ‘unskilled’. But soon this could all change. In July, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) released a study warning that automation could be the future of Cambodia’s garment industry, posing significant risks for 88% of workers employed in the textile, clothing and footwear (TCF) industry. The effects on employees would be calamitous. “For some countries like Cambodia, where TCF production dominates an undiversified manufacturing sector and makes up around 60% of manufacturing employment, the impact will be felt more strongly than others,” the report stated.

According to an owner of a garment factory just outside of Phnom Penh, who requested anonymity, the desire for automation is a logical one, given the sector’s woes: increasing wages, low-value production and increased regional competition. The result, as he put it rather directly, was that many of his fellow business owners (often non-Cambodians, like himself) are more willing to “invest in machinery than people”. Machines do not strike, and machines can be taken away, he said.

A later report by the ILO, published in August, came to similar conclusions as this anonymous source. It found prices being paid by foreign brands, mostly from the US or Europe, were stagnating, chiefly because of increased supply from countries such as Vietnam, Bangladesh, and, a future concern, Myanmar. Between 2006 and 2015, the cost of garment produce exported by Cambodia rose by just 5.4%. At the same time, wages for garment workers increased by much more: from $61 per month in 2010 to $140 this year. In September, annual negotiations over minimum wages for garment workers began once again, though no announcement has been made by trade unions as to how much of an increase they desire.

“Investors require a certain return on their invested capital – if they do not obtain this, they may reconsider further investments in the Cambodian garment sector,” the report stated. Indeed, Ken Loo, president of the Garment Manufacturers Association in Cambodia, told local media recently that 70 of its members have closed factories this year, compared to only 35 opening, an indication of struggling investment. 

The August ILO report concluded that to retain industry competitiveness, owners could either raise the costs charged to global brands for production or increase productivity remarkably – a third option of cutting wages was not discussed and seems highly unlikely. And for many, the best way of increasing productivity is through automation: from robotic machines that can perform the same cutting and stitching as workers, to the latest in 3D printing and computer-aided design.

For Ath Thorn, president of the Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers’ Democratic Union, employers’ talk of low productivity is self-seeking. He says that if productivity is low, it is the result of employers treating their workers poorly, reducing their motivation, and that it is the workers, not the employers, who are really suffering. The fact that revenue for the industry increased by 14.5% during the first quarter of the year, worth $1.8 billion, according to the ILO, might justify his position. 

“When there are no violations of the right of workers, the workers will be confident and help make this sector work as smoothly as possible,” he said.

As well as the better treatment of workers, and respecting their rights, Thorn added that employers could also boost productivity by providing better training, longer contracts and, most likely not to the same extent as many factory owners desire, the introduction of more modern machinery. 

However, the path to automation appears an uncertain one for Cambodia. William Conklin, Cambodia country director at workers advocacy NGO Solidarity Centre, says that the industry’s current concerns stem partly from its lack of evolution. “It really hasn’t changed in 15 years,” he said. Conklin puts this down to a lack of vision by the industry players. For example, everyone has recently been looking nervously at Vietnam, especially if the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) comes to fruition, which would open Vietnamese exports up to significant new markets. “But Vietnam said it would be part of TPP in 2009,” he said, adding that a long-term strategy to deal with this has yet to be put in place.  “Nobody is thinking of how to compete. Maybe, they can’t compete. Vietnamese garment factories are huge, with 5,000 to 10,000 workers each, and much local, Vietnamese investment.”

Aside from perspectives, there are also logistical problems. First, automation would require significant capital investment, but investors and factory owners (95% foreign, Conklin estimates) have “shown no inclination, with a few exceptions, to really do much investment in the industry itself”. Secondly, energy costs in Cambodia are the highest in Southeast Asia, ranging from $0.18 to $1 per kilowatt-hour, according to a 2015 report by the ADB. Automation, therefore, would no doubt drive up costs significantly, most likely requiring long-term government investment in energy production, Conklin added. Third, the introduction of new machinery would require more training of workers, which again would require more investment and improved relations between employers and employees, which might require another raise in the minimum wage.

Nevertheless, a paradigm shift needs to take place, with every stakeholder engaged, Conklin said. Exactly what that shift is remains to be seen. However, there is a simple choice, he said: “Away from low-wage, low-cost…to a higher-end, where workers are not just commodities but assets? Or, continue to scrape-by, without anything to set Cambodia apart?”