The Globe as you know it is changing.
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To understand more about why you are so important to our member-supported initiative, we encourage you to read the following from our managing editor ~ Read more

The Globe as you know it is changing.

Since 2007, Southeast Asia Globe has been a space for some of the region’s best writers and photographers to take our readers behind the headlines into the stories that shape people’s lives. Every month, you could expect to pick up our latest print edition and find high-quality journalism, analysis and artwork waiting on every page. And since 2007, we’ve fought to uphold our promise of quality and independence to you, our readers.

But, like we said, the world is changing. Print publications just aren’t reaching the audiences they need to fulfil their promise of informing, educating and entertaining the public. Advertisers continue to invest in digital platforms while printing costs creep ever higher. Print may not be dead, but it’s fighting for its life. And we’re tired of waiting by a sickbed for its condition to improve. We want to be present at the birth of something new.

That’s why Southeast Asia Globe is relaunching as a member-driven platform featuring daily long-form features combining world-class journalism with enthralling art design and data-centered tech. Through our core pillars – Power, Money, Life and Earth – we are focusing in on the central issues that our readers have always engaged with most, with the same in-depth coverage of politics, business, social affairs and the environment that you’ve come to expect since 2007.

But leaving print behind us doesn’t just save our backs from lugging stacks of magazines across Southeast Asia. It opens up a global readership who don’t just want to read the news, but have a say in the stories that we tell and the way that we tell them. We’re not asking you to take out another magazine subscription – our stories are open to all. What we’re offering our members is a space where they can pitch and vote on the stories that they think deserve to be told. We want to inspire an engaged and active community of members who vote for, comment on and contribute to the stories that matter most to them. We want to work with our members to curate the way they engage with the news – not just as readers, but as an active extension of our editorial team.

That’s how we’re changing to bring you great stories. Here’s how we’re not.

We’re independent. Always have been, always will be. We’re not owned by any corporation or aligned with any state. We choose the stories that we tell, and the way that we tell them.

We’re creative. We’re not interested in churning out breaking news stories on the hour, every hour. We believe that the best stories are the ones that come alive on the page, digging deeper into the issues that shape Southeast Asia – and bringing you along for the ride. From our dedicated designers to our new software development team, our commitment is to constantly challenge ourselves to find new ways of reaching out to our readers.

We’re open. Challenging governments, NGOs and businesses to be transparent with the public means nothing if we keep our own readers in the dark. That’s why we will be completely open about why we tell the stories that we tell – and how we pay for them. Work with us to build something that endures where many media fail, and decide with us exactly where that money is going.

Above all, we’re optimistic. And yeah, we know what you’re thinking. Faced with impending climate collapse, the rise of right-wing authoritarian governments across the world, widening wealth and income inequality and deepening divisions rooted in race or gender or creed, it’s hard not to open the papers and feel the weight of the world pressing down. But we wouldn’t be doing this if we didn’t believe that when people work together, they can make their little corner of the world a more just, open and equal place.

And that’s why we can’t do this without you. We believe that across the globe is a community of people who care deeply about social justice, environmental action and press freedom – and who will join in to help make those ideals a reality. We’re not just holding our hand out – we need your voice to play a vital role in building Southeast Asia Globe into a leading space for progressive causes in the region. Tell us what stories the mainstream media is missing. Share with us the causes that matter most to you, and how we can champion those causes not just across Southeast Asia, but the world.

Our vision is clear. By 2025, we want to be recognised for building a great space for outstanding journalists from across the region to explore new ways of telling Southeast Asia’s most vital stories. Let’s bring together a community of engaged and loyal members who want to help reshape the media rather than just read it. And we want to reach a point where our readers, not advertisers, are the ones working to support our shared vision of an inclusive media.

We can’t do this without you. Let’s get together and build something that we all believe in.

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The road is clear for solar energy in Cambodia, says UNDP director

By: Thomas Brent - Posted on: October 19, 2018 | Cambodia

Nick Beresford, country director of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Cambodia, discusses the state of Cambodia’s energy sector, the hope of solar, and bringing electricity to everyone

UNDP Country Director Nick Beresford says he is very optimistic about Cambodia embracing renewable energy

Where does Cambodia’s electricity come from?
It has a very large hydro sector – 46 % – so that’s the single largest part of the energy mix. It then has another 33% coming from traditional coal-fired power stations, and a further 13% is imported. The biggest import share is Vietnam, followed by Thailand, and a small amount coming from Laos. The remaining 8% is a mixture of oil and some additional fuels.

Where is the imported electricity coming from?
It’s a bit of an odd situation that Cambodia does import so much, and it’s good to see that Electricité du Cambodge (EDC) is reducing that by bringing up production here – now Cambodia is looking at exporting electricity to Thailand. There is a lot of scope there to have a more optimal mix of energy, and indeed, where energy security issues can be tackled and energy trading might be better. [Cambodia is] importing electricity from Vietnam, but Vietnam’s labour costs and land costs are much higher than Cambodia’s. So we can see potential for Cambodia to produce more of its own energy and indeed, get into energy exportation itself.

What about renewable energy?
The reason I didn’t mention renewables is because they [make up] less than 1% of the energy mix; it’s so tiny it’s almost non-existent. There is no solar effectively. There are one or two solar pilots that we’ve seen, such as the Sunseap solar facility close to Bavet and a bunch of commercial buildings with rooftop solar – so there are some good footsteps towards it, and [there has been] encouragement from EDC, the Ministry of Mines and Energy and from the Ministry of Environment – but it’s at a very low state at the moment.

On that subject, how open has the government been to investing more in renewables?
To be fair to them they are certainly open to the idea, and if you compare the atmosphere to, say, five years ago, it has come quite a way to understanding it.

Also, to be fair to those civil servants and officials, it’s because it is such a fast-moving subject. It’s a different world from five years ago, certainly from ten years ago. It’s a very complex issue as well because it involves issues of how you manage a grid, of the technology in the actual production of the electricity itself, and also innovation in the financing options.

This article is part of a series promoting the use of clean energy, in advance of Clean Energy Week in Cambodia and Inspire Asean – The Future of Energy in Phnom Penh on 7 November, 2018. Click here to register for the event

If you take those three things together then there are a lot of moving parts to this, but I think now we are at a point where the government is keenly aware that there is an opportunity here – that there is scope for what they would call a win-win. You can get your high growth, you can get your contribution to energy costs, you can keep those prices coming down and you can start to move more in environmentally improved ways so that you… don’t lock yourself into a brown energy spiral, which is easy to do, but very dangerous and extremely costly later on.

For example, we did some work with the Ministry of Economy and Finance to find out what the climate change risks coming through the system are. We concluded that we could lose up to 10% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050 through climate change effects, if we don’t successfully adapt to mitigate. These climatic and environmental factors are real and they need to be taken into the consideration of the choices that we make in the energy mix.

UNDP recently installed rooftop solar panels on their headquarters in Phnom Penh

Cambodia’s electricity demand is increasing…
The thing about electricity demand is that it is very difficult to forecast because it’s a little bit like an iceberg where you see the top of it but you don’t really see the bottom of it. Why, because people look at the levelised cost of electricity in this country and they think about setting up a factory or a service centre but they decide against it. Because they say that even if the cost of electricity comes down by 5% or 8%, it’s still really expensive. So it is very difficult to measure that loss of foreign direct investment because electricity costs are only revealed when the price of the fuel changes.

Although there are subsidies for very micro uses of electricity within Cambodia, particularly in Phnom Penh… the electricity price costs here are punishing. There are all sorts of benefits, I think, in terms of industrial, in terms of growth, social cohesion, equity, and in leaving no one behind so that electricity really is genuinely more affordable for all people.

To be fair to EDC, the government is very aware of this and has been successful in bringing the cost down, so it’s not like they don’t know or care or they are not aware.

The other thing people keep saying is “grid stability, grid stability, we can’t put in solar”. Grid stability is a factor on a traditional centralised grid such as the one in Cambodia. Once you get to maybe 20% solar, then yeah, you would maybe need to start thinking about how you would manage the grid. But at less than 1% solar, there is no issue of stability. It’s fine. It needs to be thought of in the long-term planning, but in the [near term] the road is clear in that respect.

The government is genuinely motivated by wanting to keep power prices falling and really seize economic growth that is inclusive

What about off grid communities?
Off grid is tremendously important, I think primarily just from the point of view of social equity – often these are the poorest communities. I think that off grid solutions five to ten years ago were quite the poor-persons option, they really weren’t very good. They are getting better and better all the time now. We’re seeing both innovation in the way that electricity is generated and also in the way that it is managed, for example with microgrids – although such systems at the moment are technically illegal because you have to go through EDC.

There are clear benefits [to] accelerating off grid, because EDC is not going to get to [many regions in Cambodia] for a long time. So I think even something as simple as a plan for where the grid is going to go and when would be hugely beneficial. Then private investors would be able to say, “okay, I’ve got at least 12 years to make my money back if I start to work with these communities and these villages”.

Sometimes I think NGOs, the UN and others have to be a little careful not to randomly assign grant funding that gives away solar systems and then kills the market, then the project comes to an end and the NGO disappears. And what is the community left with? It is left with a broken, non-functioning solar system, without a proper backup, and the private company has already gone bust because it couldn’t compete against zero cost.

So I think we have to be a bit careful about how we, as development partners, work with government communities, but also make sure that we can allow the private sector to come in and make money. There could be some very nice solutions there for the off grid.

What we would like to do is to stand between the government, the private sector and between the communities and then try to make sure we get the best outcome for those who have been denied access to energy. And [this is] something the government understands and is very supportive of.

Are you optimistic about the future of renewable energy in Cambodia?
Yes, I’m very optimistic because I see lots of opportunities and I also see a government that is cautiously thinking through the different options, but is genuinely motivated to find options that bring all Cambodians into some form of power – preferably on the grid, but if not, high-quality off grid solutions. The government is genuinely motivated by wanting to keep power prices falling and really seize economic growth that is inclusive.