Radioactive / Malaysia puts pressure on Lynas as rare earth takeover churns on

By: Melanie Burton / Reuters - Posted on: April 8, 2019 | Business

The world’s only major rare earth producer outside of China has been criticised by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad over its radioactive imports

Residents display placards to protest against the construction of the Lynas earth plant, in Gebeng, during the "Green Gathering 2.0" event in Malaysia's town of Kuantan Photo: Bazuki Muhammad / Reuters
Residents display placards to protest against the construction of the Lynas earth plant, in Gebeng, during the “Green Gathering 2.0” event in Malaysia’s town of Kuantan Photo: Bazuki Muhammad / Reuters

Rare earths miner Lynas Corp said on Monday it is considering initial ore processing near its Australian mine, as Malaysia stepped up pressure on the company already in the midst of a takeover struggle.

Lynas, the world’s only major producer of rare earths outside China, has been locked in a dispute with the Southeast Asian nation, which has told it to remove years of accumulated waste at its Malaysian processing plant in order to have its licence renewed.

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said on Friday companies interested in acquiring Lynas had pledged to decontaminate low-level radioactivity from mined ore before shipping it to the country.

Mahathir did not identify any company. Lynas last month rejected a $1.1 billion takeover approach by Australian retail-to-chemicals conglomerate Wesfarmers.

Lynas chief executive Amanda Lacaze said on Monday that Lynas had been considering building new processing facilities for months in addition to its Malaysian operations as part of expansion plans and as a way to mitigate risk from any regulatory changes in Malaysia.

Initial ore processing to reduce levels of radioactivity would mean building a cracking and leaching plant at a cost of about A$100 million over three years, according to a research report by brokerage CLSA. Lynas was considering five locations, Lacaze said, but gave no details on cost or timing.

“We have been giving great consideration to … our future industrial footprint,” she told an analyst and investor call. “We remain confident that we can agree a path forward with the Malaysian government which is good for Malaysia and good for our business.”

Lynas mines rare earths at Mount Weld in Western Australia and currently ships the concentrated material to an $800 million processing plant in Kuantan, Malaysia, where it stores thousands of tonnes of waste.

Mahathir said even Lynas could operate in the country as long as raw materials coming to Malaysia were cleaned.

His comments come after Malaysia’s Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) told Lynas in December that it must export stockpiles of a type of residue from its processing plant by Sept. 2, when its full operating stage licence is due for renewal.

In February, Lynas said that exporting the residue within the mandated timeline was “unachievable”.

Lynas shareholders played down the likelihood of Lynas being forced to close its plant in Malaysia.

“The PM has said he wants the plant to keep operating and stay open in Malaysia. My expectation then would be that the plant’s licence must be maintained,” said Matthew Ryland of Greencape Capital, the company’s second-biggest shareholder.

Lynas said it was seeking clarification from the Malaysian government on its latest comments, but had not yet heard back.

Wesfarmers said it welcomed the Malaysian comments which were consistent with talks it had had with senior government officials.

“We look forward to more detail from the government about Lynas’ operating licence certainty, to assess the conditionality of our proposal,” it said in a statement.

Additional reporting by Aditya Soni in Bengaluru and Paulina Duran