The Globe as you know it is changing.
Coming June 2019

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To understand more about why you are so important to our member-supported initiative, we encourage you to read the following from our managing editor ~ Read more

The Globe as you know it is changing.

Since 2007, Southeast Asia Globe has been a space for some of the region’s best writers and photographers to take our readers behind the headlines into the stories that shape people’s lives. Every month, you could expect to pick up our latest print edition and find high-quality journalism, analysis and artwork waiting on every page. And since 2007, we’ve fought to uphold our promise of quality and independence to you, our readers.

But, like we said, the world is changing. Print publications just aren’t reaching the audiences they need to fulfil their promise of informing, educating and entertaining the public. Advertisers continue to invest in digital platforms while printing costs creep ever higher. Print may not be dead, but it’s fighting for its life. And we’re tired of waiting by a sickbed for its condition to improve. We want to be present at the birth of something new.

That’s why Southeast Asia Globe is relaunching as a member-driven platform featuring daily long-form features combining world-class journalism with enthralling art design and data-centered tech. Through our core pillars – Power, Money, Life and Earth – we are focusing in on the central issues that our readers have always engaged with most, with the same in-depth coverage of politics, business, social affairs and the environment that you’ve come to expect since 2007.

But leaving print behind us doesn’t just save our backs from lugging stacks of magazines across Southeast Asia. It opens up a global readership who don’t just want to read the news, but have a say in the stories that we tell and the way that we tell them. We’re not asking you to take out another magazine subscription – our stories are open to all. What we’re offering our members is a space where they can pitch and vote on the stories that they think deserve to be told. We want to inspire an engaged and active community of members who vote for, comment on and contribute to the stories that matter most to them. We want to work with our members to curate the way they engage with the news – not just as readers, but as an active extension of our editorial team.

That’s how we’re changing to bring you great stories. Here’s how we’re not.

We’re independent. Always have been, always will be. We’re not owned by any corporation or aligned with any state. We choose the stories that we tell, and the way that we tell them.

We’re creative. We’re not interested in churning out breaking news stories on the hour, every hour. We believe that the best stories are the ones that come alive on the page, digging deeper into the issues that shape Southeast Asia – and bringing you along for the ride. From our dedicated designers to our new software development team, our commitment is to constantly challenge ourselves to find new ways of reaching out to our readers.

We’re open. Challenging governments, NGOs and businesses to be transparent with the public means nothing if we keep our own readers in the dark. That’s why we will be completely open about why we tell the stories that we tell – and how we pay for them. Work with us to build something that endures where many media fail, and decide with us exactly where that money is going.

Above all, we’re optimistic. And yeah, we know what you’re thinking. Faced with impending climate collapse, the rise of right-wing authoritarian governments across the world, widening wealth and income inequality and deepening divisions rooted in race or gender or creed, it’s hard not to open the papers and feel the weight of the world pressing down. But we wouldn’t be doing this if we didn’t believe that when people work together, they can make their little corner of the world a more just, open and equal place.

And that’s why we can’t do this without you. We believe that across the globe is a community of people who care deeply about social justice, environmental action and press freedom – and who will join in to help make those ideals a reality. We’re not just holding our hand out – we need your voice to play a vital role in building Southeast Asia Globe into a leading space for progressive causes in the region. Tell us what stories the mainstream media is missing. Share with us the causes that matter most to you, and how we can champion those causes not just across Southeast Asia, but the world.

Our vision is clear. By 2025, we want to be recognised for building a great space for outstanding journalists from across the region to explore new ways of telling Southeast Asia’s most vital stories. Let’s bring together a community of engaged and loyal members who want to help reshape the media rather than just read it. And we want to reach a point where our readers, not advertisers, are the ones working to support our shared vision of an inclusive media.

We can’t do this without you. Let’s get together and build something that we all believe in.

If you’re interested in joining us, sign up to our newsletter, like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter. And watch this space.

Laos / Cave fossils shed light on the world of 80,000 years ago

By: Uffe Wilken - Posted on: January 10, 2019 | Best of 2018

At 80,000 years old, some human fossils found in a cave in northeastern Laos are the oldest known remains of modern humans in mainland Southeast Asia. Together with fossils from animals, they give us a snapshot of life in this part of the world millennia ago

Local Laotian people work as field assistants sifting through layer after layer of brown sediment for fossils or other artifacts Photo: Uffe Wilken

It was like being in a science fiction movie. As the team of scientists and their assistants climbed up through the green mountain jungle and entered a huge cave, an eerie yellow-white light illuminated a corner at the far end of the cave. Large bright aluminium boards reflected the light. Hanging down from the ceiling and into a trench was a network of thin, numbered strings. But this wasn’t a glimpse into the future – it was scientific staging for a journey 80,000 years back into prehistory.

The limestone karst hill of Pà Hang in northeastern Laos is a treasure trove of human, environmental and faunal history covering almost 100 millennia. Like most karstic areas, Pà Hang is home to many caves like Tam Pà Ling, the one scientists are examining to discover what is hidden in its red sediments.

Palaeoanthropologist Dr Fabrice Demeter from Musée de l’Homme in Paris explained: “We have found remains from seven modern humans (Homo sapiens) dating from 50,000 to 80,000 years ago. They represent the oldest modern humans found in mainland Southeast Asia so far. In our site, we have excavated two different kinds of populations: one fully modern population with an anatomy like us today and another population which has a mixture of modern and archaic features which means that this population is more related to archaic fossils found in northern Africa and Israel. We think that this area in Laos had a high diversity of humans, with at least these two different populations living at the same place at the same time – and both being Homo sapiens.”

The excavation in the cave of Tam Pà Ling, northeastern Laos Photo: Uffe Wilken

Demeter is leader of the expeditions, which, since 2003, have excavated both the caves and the plain in front of Pà Hang hill. In the November-December 2018 field season, the scientists hit hard rock at the bottom of the 7m trench in Tam Pà Ling, hindering deeper digging and forcing the scientists to extend the excavation outwards from the cave walls. The overlying metres of sediments have yielded fossils from seven ancient individuals – from skulls, mandibles and fragment of a tibia to one of this year’s highlights: another tibia fragment that could connect to the one the anthropologists found last year.

On the question of resemblance between present-day people in this part of the world and the prehistoric people from the excavation, Demeter is cautious: “Based on fossils from one of the humans, we have reconstructed a head in a computer modelling programme – but it is hard to say if there is any resemblance.”

Life then and now

It might be difficult to compare past with present human facial features based solely on fragmentary bones. But when the talk is on comparing past environments and animal life with the present, the scientists are on more steady ground. Excavations at Tam Pà Ling and other sites in and around the Pà Hang hill have shown to be rich in animal fossils, so reconstructing climate, landscape and fauna has been done in detail. Dr Anne-Marie Bacon from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) at the University Paris Descartes has also been involved in the Pà Hang excavations since 2003.

As she spread part of her 2018 collection of sampled teeth on a piece of cardboard, she explained: “From these animal teeth and from the human fossils, we are trying to reconstruct both the climate and the environment around here and hypothesise the relations like hunting between humans and animals. During the time range studied, in the last 150,000 years and until [around] 12,000 years ago, warm periods have been followed by cooler periods. In the northern hemisphere, large areas were covered by ice during the latest ice age. Not so here in Southeast Asia. During the glacial period, mainland Southeast Asia only saw a drop in temperature of maybe 4 to 5 °C, which is not enough to change the vegetation and the fauna dramatically. The area was still within the tropics and subtropics and the habitat remained predominantly forested with dense tree canopies, low light and small parts of open areas and savannah.”

Facial reconstitution of TPL 1, the first skull and individual found at Tam Pà Ling Photo: Fabrice Demeter

This contrasts with the landscape today, which is composed of mixed open and closed forest but no canopy forest. With such a continuity, one might expect that animal life wouldn’t have changed much during the preceding millennia. Both yes and no. Dr Bacon explained: “Animals such as tiger, leopard and rhino are still around in the region. Other species like the panda and the orangutan have another distribution today – the panda went extinct in Southeast Asia around 20,000 years ago and is only living in China’s Yunnan province, and the orangutan can now only be found in Sumatra and Borneo. Yet other animals have gone extinct, like the giant tapir and an archaic elephant species called stegodon.”

Causes of these extinctions are contested among scientists. They may be climate change, human competition or both. Dr Bacon gave an example: “Around 15,000 years ago, the spotted hyena disappeared from Southeast Asia. As both the hyena and the humans hunted the same animals for food, humans could have been more successful and outcompeted the hyena to extinction.”

The digging in the caves and on the ground in front of Pà Hang continues. Along with the tibia fragment found in Tam Pà Ling, another highlight of this field season was the finding in a neighbouring cave of the tooth of an early hominin – a long extinct relative of the Homo sapiens family. With each new discovery scientists are able to learn more about this era and the people who roamed these mountains thousands upon thousands of years ago, giving us all a snapshot of our own prehistory.

Uffe Wilken is a Danish science writer and communicator. His main focus is on science and nature in the Arctic and in Southeast Asia.